New Insights in Hidradenitis Suppurativa from a Population-based Dutch Cohort: Prevalence, Smoking Behaviour, Socioeconomic Status and Comorbidities

Br J Dermatol. 2021 Dec 18. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20954. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, auto-inflammatory skin condition and is associated with several comorbidities. Previous studies report variable prevalence rates of HS, depending on the methodology, however the exact prevalence remains unknown.

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of HS in a large population-based cohort in the Northern Netherlands, and to compare HS patients to the general population, investigate characteristics and identify potential associated comorbidities.

METHODS: Data was collected through a cross-sectional survey-based study within the Lifelines Cohort Study (n=167,729), based on the general population located in the Northern Netherlands. A digital self-reported questionnaire was developed consisting of validated questions for determining HS.

RESULTS: Among 56,084 respondents, the overall prevalence of HS was 2.1% [95% CI 2.0 to 2.2]. The respondents with HS had a lower socioeconomic status than the controls (p<0.001) and were more frequently current smokers (p<0.001). Several new significant associations in HS patients were revealed, such as fibromyalgia [OR=2.26; 95%CI 1.64 to 3.11], irritable bowel syndrome [OR 1.63; 95%CI 1.18 to 2.26], chronic fatigue syndrome [OR=1.72; 95%CI 1.06 to 2.78] and migraine [OR=1.48; 95%CI 1.11 to 1.96]. Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome remained significantly associated with HS in the multivariate analysis after adjusting for age, sex, BMI, smoking status and socioeconomic status.

CONCLUSION: Our study showed a higher prevalence of HS in the Northern Netherlands compared to the overall estimated prevalence of 1% and identified several new associated comorbidities.

PMID:34921556 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20954

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